ImportError: No module named 'config.settings'; 'config' is not a package

I'm trying to get my cookiecutter-django app running under Apache with mod_wsgi installed via pip.

python3 runserver works.

But after running it in Apache, I got an error saying Module config not found. So I pip install config. (It is not installed on my development system.)

That put a file in my /usr/local/pulseenv/lib/python3.5/site-packages.

That file had various syntax errors which I fixed. The errors were due to changes between python 2.7 and 3.5 as far as I can tell.

But now I get this error and I'm stuck where to go from here:

ImportError: No module named 'config.settings'; 'config' is not a package

I don't see any clues in the error.log on how to further trace the error. So what is this module? Why do I need it? And how to figure out my problem is?


Here's my vhost file (/etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf):

<VirtualHost *:80>
    	ServerAdmin [email protected]
    	#DocumentRoot /var/www/html
    	DocumentRoot /var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager

            Alias /static /var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager/static
            <Directory /var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager/static>
                Require all granted

            <Directory /var/www/pulsemanager/config>
                    Require all granted

           WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/pulsemanager/config/
           WSGIDaemonProcess pulsemanager
           WSGIProcessGroup pulsemanager
           WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}


My project is layed out as:

[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager$ ls
conf              docs         instantdudiobook.ipynb  package.json         pytest.ini  reqs.txt      setup.cfg
config            env.example  LICENSE                 pulsemanager   reqs.txt.sav  survey2.txt
CONTRIBUTORS.txt  gulpfile.js               pulsenotebook.ipynb  README.rst  requirements  utility
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager$ cd pulsemanager/
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager$ ls
contrib  locale  lsrc3  static  surveys  templates  users
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager$

and here's my virutal environment:

[email protected]:/usr/local/pulseenv$ ls
bin  include  lib  lib64  pip-selfcheck.json  pyvenv.cfg  share
[email protected]:/usr/local/pulseenv$ cd lib
[email protected]:/usr/local/pulseenv/lib$ pip3 list
Package                       Version
----------------------------- ----------------------
apturl                        0.5.2
argon2                        0.1.10
argon2-cffi                   18.1.0
arrow                         0.12.1
beautifulsoup4                4.4.1
binaryornot                   0.4.4
blinker                       1.3
Brlapi                        0.6.4
cairocffi                     0.8.0
certifi                       2018.1.18
cffi                          1.11.5
chardet                       3.0.4
checkbox-support              0.22
click                         6.7
config                        0.3.9
cloud-init                    18.2
command-not-found             0.3
configobj                     5.0.6
cookiecutter                  1.6.0
cryptography                  1.2.3
cssselect2                    0.2.1
cycler                        0.10.0
defer                         1.0.6
defusedxml                    0.5.0
Django                        2.0.3
django-admin-tools            0.8.1
django-allauth                0.35.0
django-autoslug               1.9.3
django-crispy-forms           1.7.2
django-debug-toolbar          1.9.1
django-environ                0.4.4
django-extensions             2.0.6
django-language-field         0.0.3
django-model-utils            3.1.1
feedparser                    5.1.3
future                        0.16.0
guacamole                     0.9.2
hibagent                      1.0.1
httplib2                      0.9.1
idna                          2.6
Jinja2                        2.8
jinja2-time                   0.2.0
jsonpatch                     1.10
jsonpointer                   1.9
language-selector             0.1
louis                         2.6.4
lxml                          3.5.0
Mako                          1.0.3
MarkupSafe                    0.23
oauthlib                      1.0.3
onboard                       1.2.0
padme                         1.1.1
pdfrw                         0.4
pexpect                       4.0.1
pip                           10.0.1
plainbox                      0.25
poyo                          0.4.1
prettytable                   0.7.2
ptyprocess                    0.5
pyasn1                        0.1.9
pycparser                     2.18
pycups                        1.9.73
pycurl                        7.43.0
pygobject                     3.20.0
PyJWT                         1.3.0
pyparsing                     2.0.3
Pyphen                        0.9.4
pyserial                      3.0.1
python-apt                    1.1.0b1+ubuntu0.16.4.1
python-dateutil               2.7.0
python-debian                 0.1.27
python-systemd                231
python3-openid                3.1.0
pytz                          2018.3
pyxdg                         0.25
PyYAML                        3.11
reportlab                     3.3.0
requests                      2.18.4
requests-oauthlib             0.8.0
sessioninstaller              0.0.0
setuptools                    39.1.0
six                           1.10.0
sqlparse                      0.2.4
ssh-import-id                 5.5
system-service                0.3
tinycss2                      0.6.1
ubuntu-drivers-common         0.0.0
ufw                           0.35
unattended-upgrades           0.1
unity-scope-calculator        0.1
unity-scope-chromiumbookmarks 0.1
unity-scope-colourlovers      0.1
unity-scope-devhelp           0.1
unity-scope-firefoxbookmarks  0.1
unity-scope-gdrive            0.7
unity-scope-manpages          0.1
unity-scope-openclipart       0.1
unity-scope-texdoc            0.1
unity-scope-tomboy            0.1
unity-scope-virtualbox        0.1
unity-scope-yelp              0.1
unity-scope-zotero            0.1
urllib3                       1.22
usb-creator                   0.3.0
webencodings                  0.5.1
wheel                         0.29.0
whichcraft                    0.4.1
xkit                          0.0.0
XlsxWriter                    0.7.3


I do have a config directory:

[email protected]:~$ cd /var/www/pulsemanager/config/
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/config$ ls  __pycache__  settings
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/config$ cd settings
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/config/settings$ ls  __pycache__
[email protected]:/var/www/pulsemanager/config/settings$

And here's my Seems like DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE should be defaulting to config.settings.production (/var/pulsemanager/config/settings/

WSGI config for pulsemanager project.

import os
import sys

from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application

# This allows easy placement of apps within the interior
# pulsemanager directory.
app_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)).replace('/config', '')
sys.path.append(os.path.join(app_path, 'pulsemanager'))

if os.environ.get('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE') == 'config.settings.production':
    from raven.contrib.django.raven_compat.middleware.wsgi import Sentry

# We defer to a DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE already in the environment. This breaks
# if running multiple sites in the same mod_wsgi process. To fix this, use
# mod_wsgi daemon mode with each site in its own daemon process, or use
# os.environ["DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE"] = "config.settings.production"
os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "config.settings.production")

# This application object is used by any WSGI server configured to use this
# file. This includes Django's development server, if the WSGI_APPLICATION
# setting points here.
application = get_wsgi_application()
if os.environ.get('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE') == 'config.settings.production':
    application = Sentry(application)
# Apply WSGI middleware here.
# from helloworld.wsgi import HelloWorldApplication
# application = HelloWorldApplication(application)


I removed the config package. I'm pretty sure that was a red herring. I see several references to 'config', e.g os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "config.settings.production") and app_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)).replace('/config', '') in Is one of these things where my problem is?

I added export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=config.settings.production to config/ and even tried putting os.environ["DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE"] = "config.settings.production" near the top of

I updated WSGIDaemonProcess to:

WSGIDaemonProcess pulsemanager python-home=/usr/local/pulseenv/  python-path=/var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager:/usr/local/pulseenv/lib/python3.5/site-packages 

but I'm still getting:

ImportError: No module named 'config'

Here's the more of the error.log

    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.360155 2018] [mpm_event:notice] [pid 7420:tid 139690171062144] AH00489: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu) OpenSSL/1.0.2g mod_wsgi/4.6.4 Python/3.5 configured -- resuming normal operations
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.360248 2018] [core:notice] [pid 7420:tid 139690171062144] AH00094: Command line: '/usr/sbin/apache2'
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.414142 2018] [wsgi:info] [pid 7423:tid 139690171062144] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Attach interpreter ''.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.437248 2018] [wsgi:info] [pid 7423:tid 139690171062144] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Adding '/var/www/pulsemanager/pulsemanager' to path.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.441845 2018] [wsgi:info] [pid 7423:tid 139690171062144] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Adding '/usr/local/pulseenv/lib/python3.5/site-packages' to path.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.449915 2018] [wsgi:info] [pid 7423:tid 139690171062144] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Imported 'mod_wsgi'.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.454029 2018] [wsgi:info] [pid 7423:tid 139690021156608] [remote] mod_wsgi (pid=7423, process='pulsemanager', application=''): Loading Python script file '/var/www/pulsemanager/config/'.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.683108 2018] [wsgi:error] [pid 7423:tid 139690021156608] [remote] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Failed to exec Python script file '/var/www/pulsemanager/config/'.
    [Tue May 08 16:58:33.683161 2018] [wsgi:error] [pid 7423:tid 139690021156608] [remote] mod_wsgi (pid=7423): Exception occurred processing WSGI script '/var/www/pulsemanager/config/'.

    [Tue May 08 16:59:13.003234 2018] [wsgi:error] [pid 7423:tid 139689928836864] [remote] ImportError: No module named 'config'


Your DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE needs to specify a package or module that exists in the project root folder.

├── [config]/
│   ├──
│   ├──
│   ├──
│   └──

virtual environments

Using mod_wsgi Daemon Mode

WSGIDaemonProcess pulsemanager python-home=/path/to/venv/
WSGIProcessGroup pulsemanager

For multiple sites run in a single mod_wsgi process, all of them will use the settings of whichever one happens to run first. This can be solved by changing:

os.environ["DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE"] = "{{ project_name }}.settings.{{env}}"


import os
import sys

from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application

sys.path.insert(0, os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))
os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "pulsemanager.settings.production")

if os.environ.get("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE") == "pulsemanager.settings.production":
    from raven.contrib.django.raven_compat.middleware.wsgi import Sentry
    application = Sentry(get_wsgi_application())
Posted on by jackotonye